Mengapa Sykt2 Besar Internet China Masih Perlukan Silicon Valley

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Ms Senorita

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>>>> Silicon Valley ialah sebuah kawasan di daerah San Fransisco, Bay Area yang dikenali sebagai kawasan industri teknologi informasi terbesar di dunia. Silicon Valley adalah nadi perusahaan teknologi dunia. Ia merupakan pusat industri teknologi yang terletak di Amerika Syarikat >>>>


China sedang berada di tengah pertempuran teknologi dengan Amerika Syarikat, tetapi itu tidak menghentikan operasi beberapa syarikat terbesarnya daripada memperluaskan perniagaannya di Silicon Valley.

Tencent (TCEHY) dan ByteDance mempunyai pusat penyelidikan yang hanya beberapa langkah dari Universiti Stanford. Beberapa kilometer di timur Lebuhraya 101, terletaknya pejabat-pejabat Alibaba (BABA), Baidu (BIDU) dan Didi Chuxing.

Syarikat-syarikat internet ini dikuasai di China, di mana mereka menyasarkan inovasi di media sosial, beli belah atas talian dan kereta pemanduan sendiri. Tetapi keberadaan mereka di Lembah Silicon masih rendah dan teknologi Taiwan masih memerlukan pengetahuan Amerika untuk terus berdaya saing.

"Syarikat teknologi AS masih jauh di hadapan dari syarikat-syarikat Cheina," kata James Lewis, Pengarah Program Dasar Teknologi di Pusat Pengajian Strategik dan Antarabangsa di Washington.

"Bukan ingin mengatakan syarikat-syarikat Cina tidak berjaya dalam inovasi, tetapi jika anda mahukan barangan terbaik, perlu ke Amerika Syarikat," katanya.

China mempunyai cita-cita rancangan untuk menjadi pemimpin teknologi global dalam dekad yang akan datang, berjanji untuk melabur beratus-ratus bilion dolar dalam teknologi baru seperti kecerdasan buatan, kenderaan autonomi dan superkomputer.

Tetapi kumpulan pakar berteknologi tinggi masih kurang di China berbanding di Amerika Syarikat, masih memerlukan jurutera dan usahawan bercita-cita tinggi dari seluruh dunia.

Dengan menjalankan perniagaan di Silicon Valley, firma internet Cina mempunyai akses yang lebih mudah kepada graduan dan penyelidik terkemuka dari Stanford dan Institut Teknologi California - serta kolej-kolej tinggi Amerika Syarikat yang lain.

Mereka juga berada dalam kedudukan yang lebih baik untuk bersaing dengan Amerika seperti Google (GOOGL), Facebook (FB) dan Uber, yang juga berusaha untuk mendapatkan yang terbaik dan cemerlang.

"Ia pencarian kepakaran dunia," kata Lewis. "Syarikat teknologi yang baik adalah dimana terletaknya pakar"

Berikut apa yang diniagakan oleh syarikat-syarikat internet terbesar China ditengah-tengah industri teknologi AS.


"Alibaba”

Syarikat e-dagang terbesar di China ini menggaji seramai 350 orang pekerja di tiga pejabat di Silicon Valley. Pejabat yang pertama dibuka di Santa Clara pada tahun 2000.

Pejabat tersebut memberi fokus memujuk peniaga Amerika untuk menjual barang-barang pelbagai platform beli-belah Alibaba, dan pelaburan di syarikat AS. Hab di San Mateo berfungsi dalam pembangunan perniagaan dan kejuruteraan untuk syarikat perniagaan 'cluoud computing' dan Alipay, platform pembayaran dalam talian yang luas, dikendalikan oleh Alibaba Affiliate Ant Financial.

Alipay secara juga diterima oleh bidang perhotelan dan peruncit di Amerika Syarikat, dengan jumlah pelancong Cina yang semakin ramai ke Amerika Syarikat setiap tahun. Tetapi usaha Ant Financial untuk berkembang dengan lebih cepat dengan membeli perkhidmatan pemindahan wang Amerika MoneyGram gagal dikawal oleh Amerika Syarikat pada tahun lepas.

Pada tahun ini, Alibaba memperluaskan jejaknya di Bay Area dengan makmal baru yang memberi tumpuan kepada teknologi cip dan kecerdasan buatan di Sunnyvale, yang merupakan pusat Yahoo. Ia adalah sebahagian daripada perjanjian $15 bilion Alibaba pada tahun lepas untuk menubuhkan kemudahan penyelidikan yang memberi tumpuan kepada teknologi baru muncul disegelintir bandar di seluruh dunia.


“Baidu”

Syarikat berlatar belakang enjin carian utama China banyak melabur dalam kecerdasan buatan. (artificial intelligence) Baidu membuka pejabat pertamanya di Sunnyvale pada tahun 2011 dan menambah pusat penyelidikan dan pembangunan utama di sana tahun lepas.

Ford dan Baidu akan membangunkan kereta pemanduan sendiri bersama-sama di China.

Syarikat ini menggunakan kira-kira 200 orang di Lembah Silikon, mencipta aplikasi kecerdasan buatan seperti terjemahan serentak, robotika dan panduan autonomi.

Baidu adalah salah satu syarikat pertama yang memohon lesen menguji kereta tanpa pemandu di California, mendapat kelulusan pada September 2016.

Ia juga mempunyai makmal penyelidikan AI dengan saintis dan penyelidik yang berdedikasi meneroka bidang seperti perlombongan data, pembelajaran mesin dan komputer vision.


“ByteDance”



ByteDance adalah salah satu firma internet terbesar di China pada masa ini.

Video pendek yang menjadi ketagihan dan aplikasi berita dikendali oleh algoritma AI adalah 'start up' yang diketahui dunia. Ia bernilai $ 75 bilion pada November 'funding round', menurut CB Insights.

Tidak seperti syarikat teknologi China yang lain, ByteDance mempunyai platform media sosial yang mendapat daya tarikan di Amerika Syarikat. TikTok adalah aplikasi video pendek yang telah menguasai carta baru-baru ini, menduduki aplikasi percuma No 1 di App Store Amerika Syarikat Apple pada bulan Oktober.

Syarikat itu membuka pejabat pada awal tahun ini di Menlo Park, di mana Facebook berpusat.

Ditubuhkan oleh ‘coding whiz’ Zhang Yiming, perniagaan All ByteDance dibina menggunakan AI untuk menonton video dan artikel. Pekerja yang terdiri daripada lebih daripada 50 orang di Lembah Silikon tertumpu kepada ciri-ciri pembangunan yang boleh digunakan di pelbagai aplikasi syarikat dengan pantas.


“Didi Chuxing”

Didi Chuxing adalah syarikat rangkaian servis mobiliti (e-hailing) yang terkenal di China. Ia menyebabkan Uber ditamatkan pada 2016 kerana caj yang mahal kepada pelanggan.

Bernilai $56 bilion, Didi kini mencabar Uber di pasaran lain di seluruh dunia. Pasukan Silicon Valley syarikat China bekerja pada teknologi pembangunan produk dan keselamatan bagi operasinya di Brazil, Mexico, Australia dan Jepun, menurut jurucakap syarikat.

Seperti Baidu, Didi juga mempunyai permit untuk menguji kereta memandu sendiri di California, yang diterima pada bulan Mei.

Didi Labs dibuka tahun lalu di Mountain View, berhampiran dengan kampus luas Google (GOOGL), dan kini mempunyai lebih daripada 100 orang.


“Tencent”

Gaming dan media sosial gergasi Tencent adalah antara syarikat internet pertama Cina yang mengorak melangkah di Silicon Valley, membuka syarikatnya pada tahun 2007.

Pejabat Palo Alto berdekatan dengan ibu pejabat Facebook, syarikat teknologi Amerika Syarikat yang menjadi perbandingan. Tencent adalah pelabur utama dalam syarikat teknologi lain, termasuk nama Amerika Syarikat yang besar seperti Tesla (TSLA) dan Snap (SNAP).

Syarikat aplikasi pemesejan WeChat ini mempunyai lebih daripada satu bilion pengguna, dilaporkan membina kemudahan baru Palo Alto yang boleh menempatkan 250 orang. Tencent enggan memberi komen mengenai hal ini.

Selain permainan mudah alih, kecerdasan buatan dan servis 'cloud', pasukan California sedang bersiap sedia untuk perniagaan kenderaan autonomi, seperti jawatan pekerjaan yang diiklankan di LinkedIn bulan ini.


================================================================


Why China still needs Silicon Valley

Hong Kong (CNN Business)China may be in the middle of a tech battle with the United States, but that hasn't stopped some of its biggest companies from expanding their presence in Silicon Valley.

Tencent (TCEHY) and ByteDance have research centers mere steps away from Stanford University. A few miles east, on the 101 highway, lie the offices of Alibaba (BABA), Baidu (BIDU) and Didi Chuxing.

These internet companies dominate in China, where they are pushing innovation in social media, online shopping and self-driving cars. But their presence in Silicon Valley underscores how Chinese tech heavyweights still need American know-how to stay competitive.

"US tech companies are still way ahead of Chinese companies," said James Lewis, director of the Technology Policy Program at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington.

"Not to say Chinese companies aren't strong in innovation, but it's still the case that if you want the best stuff, you have to go to the United States," he said.

China has ambitious plans to become a global tech leader in the next decade, pledging to invest hundreds of billions of dollars in emerging technologies like artificial intelligence, autonomous vehicles and supercomputing.

But the pool of top tech talent is smaller in China than in the United States, which still attracts ambitious engineers and entrepreneurs from around the world.

By hanging a shingle out in Silicon Valley, Chinese internet firms have easier access to top graduates and researchers from places like Stanford and the California Institute of Technology — as well as other highly regarded US colleges. They are also in a better position to compete with American rivals like Google (GOOGL), Facebook (FB) and Uber, who are also trying to hire the best and the brightest.

"It's a global hunt for talent," Lewis said. "A good tech company goes where the talent is."

Here's a look at what some of China's largest internet companies are doing in the heart of the US tech industry.


Alibaba

China's biggest e-commerce company employs about 350 people across three offices in Silicon Valley. It opened its first one in Santa Clara in 2000.

That office is focused on persuading American businesses to sell goods on Alibaba's various online shopping platforms, and on investment in US companies. A hub in San Mateo works on business development and engineering for the company's cloud computing business and for Alipay, the vast online payments platform run by Alibaba affiliate Ant Financial.

Alipay is slowly being accepted at US hotels and retailers, cashing in on the growing number of Chinese tourists who travel to the United States every year. But Ant Financial's effort to grow faster by buying American money transfer service MoneyGram was shot down by US regulators last year.

This year, Alibaba extended its footprint in the Bay Area with a new lab focusing on chip technology and artificial intelligence in Sunnyvale, the home of Yahoo. It was part of a $15 billion pledge Alibaba made last year to establish research facilities focused on emerging technologies in a handful of cities around the world.


Baidu

The company behind China's leading search engine is heavily invested in artificial intelligence. Baidu opened its first office in Sunnyvale in 2011 and added a major research and development center there last year.

The company employs about 200 people in Silicon Valley, working on artificial intelligence applications like simultaneous translation, robotics and autonomous driving.

Baidu was one of the first companies to apply for a license to test driverless cars in California, getting approval in September 2016.

It also has a dedicated AI research lab with scientists and researchers exploring fields like data mining, machine learning and computer vision.


ByteDance

ByteDance is one of the biggest, buzziest internet firms in China at the moment.

Its suite of addictive short-video and news apps driven by predictive AI algorithms has put it among the world's top startups. It was valued at $75 billion in a November funding round, according to CB Insights.

Unlike other Chinese tech companies, ByteDance has a social media platform that is gaining traction in the United States. TikTok is a short video app that has powered up the charts recently, ranking as the No. 1 free app in Apple's US App Store in October.

The company set up an office earlier this year in Menlo Park, where Facebook is based.

Founded by coding whiz Zhang Yiming, ByteDance's whole business is built around using AI to try to give people the videos and articles they want to see. Its team of more than 50 people in Silicon Valley is mainly focused on developing features that can be deployed on the company's various apps quickly.


Didi Chuxing

Didi Chuxing is China's dominant ride-hailing company. It drove Uber out of the country in 2016 after a costly battle for customers.

Valued at $56 billion, Didi is now challenging Uber in other markets around the world. The Chinese company's Silicon Valley team works on product development and safety technology for its operations in Brazil, Mexico, Australia and Japan, according to a company spokeswoman.

Like Baidu, Didi also has a permit to test self-driving cars in California, which it received in May.
Didi Labs opened last year in Mountain View, near Google's (GOOGL) sprawling campus, and now employs more than 100 people.


Tencent

Gaming and social media giant Tencent was among the first Chinese internet companies to make a move in Silicon Valley, setting up shop there in 2007.

The company's Palo Alto office is close to the headquarters of Facebook, the US tech company to which it's often compared.

Tencent is a major investor in other tech companies, including big US names like Tesla (TSLA) and Snap (SNAP).

The company, whose messaging app WeChat has more than a billion users, is reportedly building a new Palo Alto facility that can house 250 people. Tencent declined to comment for this story.

Besides mobile gaming, artificial intelligence and cloud services, its California teams are gearing up to work on autonomous vehicles, according to jobs advertised on LinkedIn this month.


https://edition.cnn.com/2018/12/16/tech/china-tech-silicon-valley/index.html


Update #2

China could completely cut off investment into Silicon Valley amid Huawei bust-up

* Chinese tech giant Huawei is facing restrictions from several Western governments, amid concerns that its products could be used for spying.

* It comes at a time when the U.S. and China are locked in a long-running trade dispute, with investors increasingly worried the conflict could spill over into a so-called “tech war.”
---------------------------------------------------------------

China could completely cut investment into the Silicon Valley, according to the former deputy governor of the People’s Bank of China, following intense scrutiny of the world’s largest telecom equipment maker.

Chinese tech giant Huawei is facing restrictions by several Western governments, amid heightened concerns that its products could be used for spying.

It comes at a time when the United States and China are locked in a long-running trade dispute, with market participants increasingly concerned the conflict could spill over into a so-called “tech war.”

“The psychology has really changed, because technical war is a most interconnected war, (with) U.S. capital moving everywhere and Chinese capital moving everywhere,” Zhu Min told CNBC on Tuesday.

But “I can tell you, after the Huawei events, all the Chinese money into Silicon Valley stops. And no U.S. money will want to invest into China either,” he added.

In addition to his former role at the Bank of China, Zhu is also former deputy managing director at the International Monetary Fund.


‘Short-term pains’

As well as being one of the world’s top smartphone makers, Huawei is also a leader in telecom infrastructure — particularly in relation to the next generation of mobile phone networks, known as 5G.

But concerns about the security of Huawei’s technology have intensified in recent weeks, particularly in the U.S., Canada, Germany, Britain and Australia.

A major accusation made by the United States and other countries in the midst of the ongoing trade war is that Beijing commits technology theft, though China denies this.

A flurry of negative headlines has thrust Huawei’s public relations team into overdrive.

On Tuesday, Huawei Chairman Liang Hua, told world leaders gathered in Davos that his company could shift away from Western countries if it continues to face restrictions.

Liang also told reporters at the World Economic Forum (WEF) that Huawei follows regulations wherever it operates.

When asked whether it was possible for China to abruptly divert money away from Silicon Valley, John Zhao, founder and chief executive of Hony Capital, replied: “By numbers, that seems to be the case.”

“But it really suggests something that is much deeper than the number has started to show. First of all, it shows the interdependency that the world has built with each other … But it also suggests that while there are some short-term pains to be resolved, we need to have a long-term view,” Zhao said, while speaking to CNBC’s Nancy Hungerford in Davos on Wednesday.

https://www.cnbc.com/2019/01/23/huawei-china-could-completely-cut-off-investment-into-silicon-valley.html
 

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Niyang

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mai sini... kt sini ade cyberjaya... x yah nk pening2.. janji ade duit sume leh jadi maaa.....
 

fms

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US masih menguasai dunia..
terpaksa laa pinjam pengetahuan diorg dulu..
 

Ms Senorita

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China could completely cut off investment into Silicon Valley amid Huawei bust-up

* Chinese tech giant Huawei is facing restrictions from several Western governments, amid concerns that its products could be used for spying.

* It comes at a time when the U.S. and China are locked in a long-running trade dispute, with investors increasingly worried the conflict could spill over into a so-called “tech war.”
---------------------------------------------------------------

China could completely cut investment into the Silicon Valley, according to the former deputy governor of the People’s Bank of China, following intense scrutiny of the world’s largest telecom equipment maker.

Chinese tech giant Huawei is facing restrictions by several Western governments, amid heightened concerns that its products could be used for spying.

It comes at a time when the United States and China are locked in a long-running trade dispute, with market participants increasingly concerned the conflict could spill over into a so-called “tech war.”

“The psychology has really changed, because technical war is a most interconnected war, (with) U.S. capital moving everywhere and Chinese capital moving everywhere,” Zhu Min told CNBC on Tuesday.

But “I can tell you, after the Huawei events, all the Chinese money into Silicon Valley stops. And no U.S. money will want to invest into China either,” he added.

In addition to his former role at the Bank of China, Zhu is also former deputy managing director at the International Monetary Fund.


‘Short-term pains’

As well as being one of the world’s top smartphone makers, Huawei is also a leader in telecom infrastructure — particularly in relation to the next generation of mobile phone networks, known as 5G.

But concerns about the security of Huawei’s technology have intensified in recent weeks, particularly in the U.S., Canada, Germany, Britain and Australia.

A major accusation made by the United States and other countries in the midst of the ongoing trade war is that Beijing commits technology theft, though China denies this.

A flurry of negative headlines has thrust Huawei’s public relations team into overdrive.

On Tuesday, Huawei Chairman Liang Hua, told world leaders gathered in Davos that his company could shift away from Western countries if it continues to face restrictions.

Liang also told reporters at the World Economic Forum (WEF) that Huawei follows regulations wherever it operates.

When asked whether it was possible for China to abruptly divert money away from Silicon Valley, John Zhao, founder and chief executive of Hony Capital, replied: “By numbers, that seems to be the case.”

“But it really suggests something that is much deeper than the number has started to show. First of all, it shows the interdependency that the world has built with each other … But it also suggests that while there are some short-term pains to be resolved, we need to have a long-term view,” Zhao said, while speaking to CNBC’s Nancy Hungerford in Davos on Wednesday.

https://www.cnbc.com/2019/01/23/huawei-china-could-completely-cut-off-investment-into-silicon-valley.html
 

Viaso

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I find this development as completely normal in business world. The advancement of technology is very important to be first to catch some specific market and in this sense collect all profitability from it. China became heavy competitor to the US
 

notepad

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serupa juga Sykt2 Besar amerika masih perlukan China. great wall of china menggunakan teknologi amerika.

How Microsoft Helped Build China’s Nightmare Surveillance | China Uncensored
 

cyborg

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Ada 1 lagi pusat R&D yg sangat hebat lokasi di Haifa, Israel.
Setakat Korea, Jepun & China ni jadi pengilang je...R&D masih yahudi pegang
 
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