Tapak Masjid Babri, mahkamah India memihak penganut Hindu

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India: Court rules in favor of Hindus over Ayodhya temple-mosque dispute



India's top court on Saturday ruled in favor of Hindus in the decadeslong land title dispute between Hindus and Muslims in the far-north town of Ayodhya.

In a historic judgment, the Supreme Court ruled that the site where Hindu mobs destroyed a 460-year-old mosque in 1992 must be handed over to a trust to oversee the construction of a Hindu temple, subject to conditions.

A separate 5 acre (2.02 hectare) piece of land in the town would be given over to Muslim groups to build a new mosque, the court said.

The disputed land was the site of the 6th-century Babri Masjid mosque. Its razing led to riots in which more than 2,000 people, most of them Muslims, were killed.

The court, which had been sitting since August on the issue, observed that the destruction of the mosque was a violation of law.

Longstanding Hindu claim

Hindus claim their god Ram was born in Ayodhya and a temple in his name predated the mosque.

They say that in the 16th century, Babur, the first emperor of the Mughal Islamic dynasty, built a mosque on top of the structure.

Hindus have campained for years to build a new temple at the site, while Muslims want a new mosque.

In 2010, a lower court ruled that the disputed land should be divided into three parts — two for Hindus and one for Muslims.

That was challenged in the Supreme Court by the two communities represented by Hindu Maha Sabha, the Sunni Waqf Board, and the Nirmohi Akhara.

Giving their initial reaction to Saturday's ruling, Zafaryab Jilani, a lawyer for the Sunni Waqf Board said: "We respect the verdict, but we are not satisfied ... we will go through the judgment carefully."

The Ayodhya issue continues to provoke tensions between majority Hindus and Muslims, who account for about 14% of India's 1.3 billion population.

Ahead of the verdict, Prime Minister Narendra Modi urged calm and security was tightened around the Supreme Court building in New Delhi and Ayodhya, where 5,000 security forces were deployed.

"Whatever the decision of the Supreme Court ..., it will not be a victory or defeat for anyone. My appeal to fellow countrymen is our collective priority should be that this decision further strengthens the great tradition of peace, unity and goodwill in India," he wrote on Twitter.

 
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Ayodhya Verdict: Ram Mandir-Babri Masjid Dispute Explained as SC Delivers Unanimous Verdict
 

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Babri Mosque case: Indian top court gives disputed site to Hindus
 

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Tapak Masjid Babri, mahkamah India memihak penganut Hindu


Anggota Pasukan Tindakan Pantas (RAF) berkawal di luar sebuah masjid sebelum keputusan mahkamah berkaitan tapak masjid di Ayodhya, Mumbai, India. -Foto Reuters

NEW DELHI/AYODHYA: Mahkamah Agung India semalam menganugerahkan tapak masjid yang menjadi rebutan kepada penganut Hindu, dalam pertelingkahan yang satu ketika dulu mencetuskan rusuhan berdarah terburuk sejak merdeka.

Keputusan dalam pertelingkahan antara penganut Hindu dan Islam itu memberi laluan kepada pembinaan sebuah kuil di tapak terletak di bandar utara Ayodhya, cadangan sekian lama disokong parti nasionalis Hindu pimpinan Perdana Menteri Narendra Modi.

Keputusan semalam, yang dianggap kemenangan buat Parti Janata Bharatiya (BJP) milik Modi dan penyokongnya, dikritik sebagai tidak adil oleh seorang peguam penganut Islam yang terbabit dalam kes berkenaan.

Bagaimanapun, pemimpin kumpulan itu berkata, pada akhirnya ia menerima keputusan itu serta menggesa perdamaian antara penganut majoriti Hindu dan Islam yang mencatat 14 peratus daripada 1.3 bilion penduduknya.

Pada 1992, samseng Hindu memusnahkan Masjid Babri, dibina pada kurun ke-16 di tapak itu, mencetuskan rusuhan yang menyebabkan kira-kira 2,000 majoriti penduduk Islam terbunuh di seluruh negara. Pertikaian mahkamah berhubung pemilikan tapak berlaku selepas itu.


Masjid Babri yang menjadi rebutan di Ayodhya, India. -Foto Agensi

Penganut Hindu, yang sekian lama berkempen supaya sebuah kuil dibina di tapak runtuhan masjid, bersorak dan memasang mercun di Ayodhya selepas keputusan mahkamah diumumkan.

Ribuan pasukan separa tentera dan polis dikerah di Ayodhya dan kawasan sensitif lain di seluruh India, namun tiada laporan berlaku rusuhan.

Barisan lima hakim diketuai Ketua Hakim Ranjan Gogoi, mencapai keputusan sebulat suara menyerahkan kawasan seluas 1.1 hektar atau sebesar padang bola sepak kepada kumpulan beragama Hindu.

Mahkamah juga mengarahkan satu lagi tapak seluas dua hektar di Ayodhya diberi kepada kumpulan beragama Islam yang mencabar kes berkenaan.

“Negara ini kini bergerak menjadi sebuah negara Hindu,” kata seorang ahli politik pembangkang Islam berpengaruh, Asaduddin Owaisi kepada media.

Seorang peguam kumpulan Islam yang terbabit dalam kes itu berkata pada mulanya ia kemungkinan memfailkan satu petisyen semakan yang mungkin mencetuskan satu lagi perjuangan perundangan namun pengerusinya, Zafar Farooqui berkata semalam, keputusan itu diterima ‘dengan rasa malu.’

Pertubuhan Islam menggesa penganutnya bertenang menerima keputusan terbabit. -Reuters

 
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Mad_Hatter

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Narendra Modi mestilah support geng dia. Takde maknanya dia mau support Islam.
 

Mad_Hatter

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adakah dgn bahagi 3 boleh selesai masalah mereka...kes mahkamah boleh selesai tapi diaorang pasti akan tuntut 100%
Diaorang sudah berjaya tuntut 100% sekarang.
 

lau_kau

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Aku xhairan pun sebab tu negara dia, dia yg perintah....aku hairan klau sebuah negara nie....semua nak memihak kat monoriti....mojoriti kena ikut xikut terus di cop rasict....
 

tm_40

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Satu lagi keputusan yang tidak memihak Islam
 
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