CG Hardcore Club
- Nov 9, 2008
- Reaction score
WASHINGTON - Pilihan raya umum Amerika Syarikat tetap dijangka diadakan pada 3 November, kata Presiden Donald Trump pada satu taklimat media, lapor agensi berita Sputnik.
"Pilihan raya umum akan diadakan pada 3 November," kata Trump pada Jumaat apabila ditanya sama ada pandemik koronavirus (Covid-19) akan menyebabkan pilihan raya ditangguhkan.
Trump berkata, beliau tidak bersetuju dengan kaedah pengundian secara pos dan mahu ia dijalankan di ruang pusat mengundi. - Bernama
WASHINGTON - Pilihan raya umum Amerika Syarikat tetap dijangka diadakan pada 3 November, kata Presiden Donald Trump pada satu taklimat media, lapor agensi berita Sputnik.
Biden angkat sumpah Presiden
WASHINGTON: Biden, 78, sebentar tadi mengangkat sumpah sebagai Presiden Amerika Syarikat (AS) ke-46 di hadapan Hakim Mahkamah Agung, John Roberts, di bangunan Capitol, Washington DC.
Terdahulu, Kamala Harris, 56, selaku wanita pertama dan individu pertama berketurunan Asia Selatan yang dilantik sebagai Naib Presiden AS, mengangkat sumpah di hadapan Hakim Mahkamah Agung, Sonia Sotomayor.
Bekas Presiden AS, Donald Trump, meninggalkan Washington tiga jam sebelum Biden mengangkat sumpah, sekali gus menjadi presiden pertama dalam 150 tahun yang tidak menghadiri majlis pelantikan penggantinya.
Biden, yang juga bekas naib presiden AS dan Senator veteran, dilantik Presiden AS ke 46 di bangunan Capitol, lokasi sama yang melihat penyokong Trump merusuh dua minggu lalu membantah keputusan pilihan raya presiden AS pada 3 November lalu.
Kemenangan ini adalah penantian 34 tahun Biden, yang pertama kali mencuba nasib bertanding bagi jawatan Presiden AS pada 1987 dan pada usia 78 tahun, beliau juga adalah Presiden AS yang tertua.
Namun, buat pertama kali dalam sejarah 200 tahun, upacara angkat sumpah Presiden AS dan Naib Presiden dipilih, Kamala Harris, kurang meriah kerana kehadiran orang ramai terpaksa dihadkan berikutan pandemik COVID-19.
Malah, tragedi rusuhan penyokong Trump dua minggu lalu mendorong pihak berkuasa mengerahkan 25,000 anggota berkawal bagi mengelak sebarang kejadian tidak diingini.
Laman di hadapan bangunan Capitol dihiasi kira-kira 200,000 bendera sebagai petanda simbolik menggantikan orang ramai yang tidak dapat dijemput bagi memeriahkan cara itu.
Sementara itu, Trump meminta rakyat AS mendoakan kejayaan pentadbiran yang bakal diterajui penggantinya, Biden, dalam ucapan menerusi rakaman video selepas hampir dua minggu menghilang. - AFP
Kongres AS sahkan Biden menang, Trump sedia berundur
WASHINGTON: Kongres Amerika Syarikat (AS) hari ini secara rasmi mengesahkan Joe Biden sebagai Presiden AS ke 46 dan akan mengangkat sumpah jawatan 20 Januari ini.
Ia secara langsung menjadi tamparan buat Donald Trump, yang pengikutnya menyerbu Capitol semalam mencetuskan kekecohan, dalam usaha terdesak 'merampas kuasa' bagi memastikan pemimpin mereka kekal dalam jawatan.
Pada masa sama, Trump turut mengeluarkan kenyataan bahawa beliau akur dengan keputusan Kongres dan berikrar akan memastikan 'perubahan kuasa yang licin'
Penggubal undang-undang di Senat dan Dewan Perwakilan menolak usaha Republikan menafikan kemenangan Biden dalam pilihan raya presiden, disusuli sorakan kegembiraan apabila pengesahan itu diumumkan sebentar tadi.
Pengesahan kemenangan Biden dengan 306 undi berbanding 232 undi bagi Trump pada November lalu itu, menutup pintu kepada usaha kontroversi beliau dan pengikutnya untuk mengubah keputusan pilihan raya presiden AS 2020.
Namun, Presiden AS itu masih membayangkan akan terus terbabit dalam politik, dengan spekulasi beliau mungkin bertanding semula pada 2024.
"Walaupun saya amat tidak bersetuju dengan keputusan pilihan raya presiden, perubahan kuasa akan tetap berjalan lancar pada 20 Januari nanti.
"Saya selalu mengatakan kami akan meneruskan perjuangan bagi memastikan hanya undi yang sah dikira.
"Walaupun ini menandakan berakhirnya penggal pertama terhebat dalam sejarah Presiden AS, ia hanya permulaan kepada perjuangan memastikan AS kembali hebat," katanya.
Pengesahan itu dibuat beberapa jam selepas perusuh menerobos masuk ke Capitol Hill menyebabkan penggubal undang-undang bertempiaran lari, sebelum kembali semula untuk menyempurnakan tugas.
Sekurang-kurangnya empat penyokong tegar Trump maut dalam rusuhan keganasan di bangunan Capitol Hill, termasuk seorang wanita dikenali sebagai Ashli Babbitt, yang juga veteran tentera pernah dengan Tentera Udara AS.
Menurut Ketua Polis Washington DC, Robert Contee, mangsa ditembak oleh pegawai polis Capitol berpakaian biasa, lapor agensi berita Anadolu.
Tambah beliau, empat mangsa termasuk dua wanita dan dua lelaki maut ketika rusuhan di Capitol tetapi baki tiga lagi mangsa maut akibat masalah kesihatan lain.
"Sementara itu, sekurang-kurangnya 14 anggota polis cedera, termasuk seorang parah dan setakat ini, sekurang-kurangnya 52 orang ditahan, 47 daripadanya kerana melanggar perintah perintah berkurung.
"Polis turut menjumpai sebutir bom buatan sendiri masing-masing di Bangunan Jawatankuasa Demokratik dan di Bangunan Jawatankuasa Republik selain senjata api serta bom botol di dalam sebuah kenderaan di perkarangan Capitol," katanya.
Kekecohan di Capitol itu turut mengundang kecaman antarabangsa dengan ramai pemimpin dunia mengutuk perbuatan yang tidak menghormati proses demokrasi itu. - AGENSI
Congress Certifies Biden Victory; Trump Pledges 'Orderly Transition' On Jan. 20
Congress certified President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris' victory early on Thursday, the end of a long day and night marked by chaos and violence in Washington, in which extremists emboldened by President Trump sought to thwart the peaceful transfer of power that has been a hallmark of modern American history by staging a violent insurrection inside the U.S. Capitol.
"To those who wreaked havoc in our Capitol today, you did not win," Vice President Mike Pence said, once lawmakers reconvened after many spent hours in lockdown. "Violence never wins. Freedom wins, and this is still the people's house."
Biden and Harris finished with 306 electoral votes, while Trump and Pence had 232. It takes 270 electoral votes to win the presidency.
In a statement released just after the certification was finalized, Trump at long last acknowledged his election loss. He said that even though he disagrees with the outcome, "there will be an orderly transition on January 20th."
"I have always said we would continue our ... fight to ensure that only legal votes were counted. While this represents the end of the greatest first term in presidential history, it's only the beginning of our fight to Make America Great Again!"
Dozens of Republican House lawmakers, along with some Republican senators supportive of President Trump, had planned to object Wednesday to the electoral votes of as many as six states that backed Biden.
But late Wednesday night, some Senate Republicans withdrew their objections. Each objection requires the backing of a member of both the House and the Senate to be considered. Sens. Steve Daines of Montana, Mike Braun of Indiana and Kelly Loeffler of Georgia all said that they would stand down.
"I cannot now, in good conscience, object to the certification of these electors," Loeffler said Wednesday, drawing applause from some of her colleagues. Loeffler was one of two Republicans who lost their races on Tuesday, giving Democrats control of the U.S. Senate.
Missouri Republican Sen. Josh Hawley, who took up President Trump's call that lawmakers object to the results of the election, said Wednesday night that the Senate should consider his objections, but that they should be debated "without violence, without attacks, without bullets."
Senate lawmakers voted late Wednesday to reject the challenge to Biden's victory in the state of Arizona, and the House followed suit, but with many Republicans in favor of overturning the state's results. A similar result played out in the state of Pennsylvania, with both chambers voting to reject the challenge to Biden's victory there.
Republican House lawmakers also objected to the electoral votes in Georgia, Michigan,
Lawmakers returned to the Capitol after hours of chaos in which protesters forced their way into the building and abruptly halted Congress' tally of Electoral College votes.www.npr.org
Joe Biden | Here in detail is where the president-elect stands on eight key issues.
A national test and trace programme
Mr Biden's approach to tackling coronavirus, the most immediate and obvious challenge facing the country, is to provide free testing for all and hire 100,000 people to set up a national contact-tracing programme.
He says he wants to establish at least 10 testing centres in every state, call upon federal agencies to deploy resources and give firmer national guidance through federal experts. He says all governors should mandate wearing masks.
Voters suspicious of federal authority will see this as overreach, but it lies very much in line with Mr Biden's and Democrats' general view on the role government should play.
Raise minimum wage and invest in green energy
To address the immediate impact of the coronavirus crisis, Mr Biden has vowed to spend "whatever it takes" to extend loans to small businesses and increase direct money payments to families. Among the proposals are an additional $200 in Social Security payments per month, rescinding Trump-era tax cuts and $10,000 of student loan forgiveness for federal loans.
Mr Biden's broader economic policies, dubbed his "Build Back Better" plan, aim to please two constituencies that traditionally support Democrats - young people and blue collar workers.
He supports raising the federal minimum wage to $15 (£11.50) an hour - a measure that is popular among young people and that has become something of a totem figure for the party in 2020, and a sign of its move to the left. He also wants a $2tn investment in green energy, arguing that boosting green manufacturing helps working class union workers, who perform most of those jobs.
There is also a $400bn pledge to use federal dollars to buy American goods, alongside a wider commitment to enforce "Buy American" laws for new transport projects. Mr Biden was previously criticised for backing the North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta), which critics say shipped jobs overseas.
His 2020 plan calls for the federal government to invest $300bn in US-made materials, services, research and technology.
Criminal justice reform, grants for minority communities
In the wake of the race protests that have gripped the US this year, he said he believes that racism exists in the US and must be dealt with through broad economic and social programmes to support minorities. A pillar of his "build back" programme is to create business support for minorities through a $30bn investment fund.
On criminal justice, he has moved far from his much-criticised "tough-on-crime" position of the 1990s. Mr Biden has now proposed policies to reduce incarceration, address race, gender and income-based disparities in the justice system, and rehabilitate released prisoners. He would now create a $20bn grant programme to incentivise states to invest in incarceration reduction efforts, eliminate mandatory minimum sentences, decriminalise marijuana and expunge prior cannabis convictions, and end the death penalty.
However, he has rejected calls to defund police, saying resources should instead be tied to maintaining standards. He argues that some funding for police should be redirected to social services like mental health, and calls for a $300m investment into a community policing programme.
Rejoin global climate accord
Mr Biden has called climate change an existential threat, and says he will rally the rest of the world to act more quickly on curbing emissions by rejoining the Paris Climate Accord. The agreement, which Donald Trump withdrew from, committed the US to cutting greenhouse gases up to 28% by 2025, based on 2005 levels.
Though he does not embrace the Green New Deal - a climate and jobs package put forward by the left wing of his party - he is proposing a $1.7tn federal investment in green technologies research, some of which overlaps with the funding in his economics plan, to be spent over the next 10 years, and wants the US to reach net zero emissions by 2050 - a commitment that was made by more than 60 other countries last year. China and India, the two other biggest carbon emitters, have yet to join the pledge. The investments dovetail with his economic plan to create jobs in manufacturing "green energy" products.
Restore America's reputation... and maybe take on China
Mr Biden wrote that as president, he would focus on national issues first. That said, there is little to suggest that Mr Biden's values on foreign policy have shifted away from multilateralism and engagement on the world stage, in opposition to Mr Trump's unabashedly isolationist one. He has also promised to repair relationships with US allies, particularly with the Nato alliance, which Mr Trump has repeatedly threatened to undermine with funding cuts.
The former vice-president has said China should be held accountable for unfair environment and trade practices, but instead of unilateral tariffs, he has proposed an international coalition with other democracies that China "can't afford to ignore", though he has been vague about what that means.
Mr Biden says he will expand the public health insurance scheme passed when he was President Barack Obama's deputy, and implement a plan to insure an estimated 97% of Americans. Though he stops short of the universal health insurance proposal on the wish lists of the more left-wing members of his party,
Mr Biden promises to give all Americans the option to enrol in a public health insurance option similar to Medicare, which provides medical benefits to the elderly and to lower the age of eligibility for Medicare itself from 65 to 60 years old. The Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, a non-partisan group, estimates that the total Biden plan would cost $2.25tn over 10 years.
Undo Trump's policies
In his first 100 days in office, Mr Biden promises to reverse Trump policies that separate parents from their children at the US-Mexican border, rescind limits on the number of applications for asylum and end the bans on travel from several majority-Muslim countries. He also promises to protect the "Dreamers" - people brought illegally to the US as children who were permitted to stay under an Obama-era policy - as well as ensure they are eligible for federal student aid.
Universal pre-school, expand free college
In a notable shift to the left, he has endorsed several big pieces of education policy that have become popular within the party - student loan debt forgiveness, expansion of tuition-free colleges, and universal preschool access. These would be paid using money gained back from withdrawing the Trump-era tax cuts.
Trump 'You're fired', Biden kini Presiden AS
WASHINGTON - [DIKEMASKINI] Calon Demokrat, Joe Biden mencipta sejarah apabila berjaya menumbangkan calon Republikan, Donald Trump untuk memasuki Rumah Putih sebagai Presiden Amerika Syarikat (AS) yang ke-46.
Biden mencipta kemenangan itu selepas Associated Press melaporkan Pennsylvania dan Nevada yang masing-masing menawarkan 20 dan enam undi elektoral sah menjadi milik Demokrat.
Dengan kemenangan di dua negeri panas itu, Biden berjaya memperoleh 290 undi elektoral mengatasi jumlah 270 undi yang ditetapkan sebagai majoriti mudah.
Trump pula terpaksa menelan kekalahan pahit selepas masih tersekat sejak kelmarin dengan angka 214 undi elektoral.
Walaupun kiraan undi di beberapa negeri panas seperti North Carolina, Alaska dan Georgia masih belum tamat, namun dengan 290 undi elektoral sudah cukup untuk membolehkan Biden menang bergaya.
Dengan kemenangan itu juga, Biden mencipta rekod sebagai Presiden AS yang tertua dalam sejarah pada usia 77 tahun selain Presiden yang mengumpul undi popular paling tinggi sebanyak lebih 74 juta.
"Saya berbesar hati dan merendah diri dengan kepercayaan rakyat Amerika yang telah meletakkan saya dan Naib Presiden, Harris (Kamala Harris)," kata Biden dalam satu kenyataan.
"Walaupun berdepan dengan pelbagai halangan yang tidak pernah berlaku sebelum ini, jumlah rakyat Amerika keluar mengundi, membuktikan sekali lagi bahawa demokrasi masih berada dalam hati rakyat Amerika."
Beliau menambah: "Kita adalah Amerika Syarikat. Dan tidak ada apa-apa yang kita tidak boleh lakukan, jika kita melakukannya bersama-sama."
Para penyokong Demokrat kini mula membanjiri jalanan di seluruh negara untuk menyambut kemenangan Biden yang berjaya membawa gelombang biru di AS selepas empat tahun negara Uncle Sam itu berwarna merah iaitu warna sinonim parti Republikan.
Tidak ketinggalan beratus-ratus penunjuk perasaan anti-Trump juga berkumpul di hadapan Rumah Putih, walaupun presiden itu kini dilaporkan bermain golf di Virginia.
Dalam pada itu, perhimpunan pro-Trump juga diadakan di beberapa negeri. Di Michigan, beratus-ratus penyokong Trump berkumpul di luar Bangunan Capitol, melaungkan 'empat tahun lagi' kira-kira sejam selepas perlumbaan ke White House bertemu pemenangnya.
Artikel Penuh : https://www.sinarharian.com.my/article/109086/GLOBAL/Trump-Youre-fired-Biden-kini-Presiden-AS
© 2018 Hakcipta Terpelihara Kumpulan Karangkraf
Everything you need to know about US elections – in infographics
The presidential race is not the only one on Election Day ballots across the United States.
In addition to voting for their new president, Americans will also choose candidates in various federal, state and local elections.
Among the federal races are elections for the US House of Representatives and Senate, the two houses that make up the federal legislature known as the US Congress.
The US House of Representatives
Voters across all 50 states will be electing legislators for the House of Representatives. There are 435 seats in total and each seat is up for election every two years.
This year’s legislative elections are even more important than usual. That is because they are the last before a new round of redistricting based on the results of the 2020 Census. Each state’s allocated number of House members is determined by its population, so if a state loses or gains residents in the new Census, they stand to lose or gain seats in the House.
The US Senate
There also 35 seats in the Senate up for election this year, roughly one-third of the 100-seat body. Around a dozen of those 35 are competitive seats and each is extremely important as Republican control of the chamber is at stake. Currently, the Republicans have a 53-47 advantage. If the Democrats can gain four seats, they will guarantee a takeover of the Senate majority.
The most important non-federal elections this year will choose governors who run the executive branches of each individual state government.
Voters in 11 states and two territories, Puerto Rico and American Samoa, will elect governors this election day.
What is the Electoral College?
In the US, the president and vice president are not directly elected by voters, as laid out in the US Constitution. When voters make their presidential choice on their ballot, they are really voting for a slate of “electors”, who, after the votes are counted and certified, are pledged to vote for a presidential and vice-presidential candidate.
These electors actually cast the deciding votes for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates during a meeting of the Electoral College.
In 48 states, these electors “pledge” to vote for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates that receive the most votes in their respective state.
Two states – Maine and Nebraska – have slightly different systems: Two electors “pledge” to vote for the candidate that wins the state’s overall popular vote, while the remaining electors are allocated to the winner in each congressional district.
While the presidential election is on November 3, the Electoral College will vote on December 14.
The number of electors is equal to the number of US House members plus two, the number of US Senators in each state. There are a total of 538 electors: 535 from the 50 states and three from the District of Columbia, which is the federal capital and not a state, per the constitution. Prior to 1961, when a constitutional amendment allotted Washington, DC, three electoral votes, residents of the district did not have a say in presidential elections.
What are Battleground States?
Because certain states regularly vote Democratic or Republican, those states are given much less attention by presidential candidates than the states where polling is very close.
Those so-called “battleground” states, also known as “swing states” or “toss-up” states, of which there are about a dozen every four years, hold disproportionate sway in US presidential elections.
Election analysts consider states battlegrounds where the margin of victory is expected to be fewer than five percentage points.
By November 2, more than 94 million Americans had already cast their ballots either by in-person early voting or by mail – a process expanded in many areas amid the COVID-19 pandemic.
That number represents more than 68 percent of the total number of votes cast in the 2016 presidential election. Nearly 60 percent of voting-eligible Americans have participated in recent presidential elections, though some are predicting the number will rise this year.
Early voting numbers in both Hawaii and Texas are higher than their total overall voter turnout in 2016.
Here is what the electoral map looks like at the moment:
How large is voter turnout in US presidential elections?
Voter turnout for US presidential elections has hovered around 60 percent of the voting-eligible population in recent elections. In 2016, 60.1 percent of eligible voters turned out, which was up from 58.6 percent in 2012, but down from 61.6 percent in 2008.
A shift in recent voting patterns due to states allowing more opportunities for voters to cast early ballots has been accelerated this year because of the pandemic.
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