Chart Pattern..

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fising

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Salam ....

Okey..tujuan aku open this thread just nak share sedikit info pasal chart pattern....aku rase ramai pengemar chart pattern dalam arena forex nie...so aku open...thread nie coz nak share ngan korang...tapi byk info dalam bi..so gajin2 la korang selak kamus ek:p ..harap dapat membantu korang semua dalam trade...bak kate org tak kenal maka tak cinta...:)) ...sorie aku masih br lagi dalam forex nie kalo salah jgn mara ek...:">


P/s:p perghh..meroh bijik mate aku tgk chart time holiday nie...
:)cgrock
 
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fising

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Okey...task 1:- SUPPORT & RESISTANCE..

Support and Resistance

Support and resistance are the building blocks of price patterns. Support and resistance are two of the most important concepts that traders need to master.

Support is a price at which a stock stops going down. Support is where sellers and buyers, or supply and demand, equalize to cause a leveling out in price action. Support generally forms after bearish trends.

Resistance is a price at which a stock stops going up. Resistance is where buyers and sellers, or demand and supply, equalize to cause a leveling out in price action. Resistance generally forms after bullish trends.

Support and resistance materialize in two different forms. These levels can be horizontal, revealing a static price at which support or resistance exists. Alternatively, support and resistance can be diagonal levels.

Diagonal support and resistance levels are common in the stock market, especially when a stock is trending strongly in either direction. Diagonal support and resistance levels are identical in concept to horizontal support and resistance levels. The only difference is that diagonal support and resistance levels follow a stock’s movement higher or lower.
 

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Horizontal Support...

Horizontal support is a price at which a stock stops going down. It truly is that simple. It’s a price lower than the current price below which a stock isn’t moving. Think of support as a floor for the stock.

A stock might be trending lower, but eventually it reaches a price at which buyers perceive it as attractive. They start buying, equalizing or overcoming the sellers. The buying causes the price to stop going lower and start moving higher.



Notice how the Russell 2000 iShares (IWM) stop going lower near the $74 level as shown in chart There are several bearish trends that stop once the IWM reaches the $74 level.

Observe how the IWM trades a little bit below the $74 level on several occasions. The stock reverses higher each time it trades near $74. This is support in action.

But support can be broken. In fact, support is often broken, leading to new bearish trends. The break of support can lead to actionable entry points or exit points. Generally the more a support level is tested the weaker it becomes.
 

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Horizontal Resistance..

Horizontal resistance is very similar to support in concept. The only difference is that resistance is above the current market price.

Horizontal resistance is a price at which a stock stops going up. It’s a higher price than the current price above which a stock isn’t moving. Think of resistance as a ceiling for the stock.

A stock might be moving higher, but eventually it reaches a price at which sellers perceive it as overvalued. They start selling, equalizing or overcoming the buyers. The selling causes the stock to stop going higher and start moving lower.



Notice how shares of McDonalds (MCD) stop going higher near the $51 level, after a strong bullish trend as shown in Figure 3.3. The stock fails to break through the $51 level on three separate attempts, which are spread across three months.

MCD did briefly break through the $51 level on several separate occasions, but it never held. This is an example of why to treat resistance as an approximate level and not an exact number.

Horizontal resistance is often broken, generally leading to new bullish trends. The break of resistance is actionable, offering new entry points into bullish trends. Just like support, the more often a resistance level is tested, the weaker it becomes.
 

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Diagonal Support

Diagonal support is a price at which a stock stops going down within the context of a bullish trend. The lows for each period, or over the course of multiple periods, tend to move higher. It’s a price lower than the current price below which a stock isn’t moving. Think of diagonal support as an escalator moving up, steadily lifting the price of a stock.

A stock might be moving higher, but along the way it pauses and pulls back to catch its breath. Each time it pulls back, the buyers step in at increasingly higher prices. They start buying, equalizing or overcoming the sellers. The buying causes the price to stop going lower and start moving even higher.



Shares of First Solar (FSLR), shown in Figure 3.5, moved higher along the path of a diagonal support line. Notice how the stock quickly rebounded after falling to the support line.

But the level of support moved higher along with the stock price. Support wasn’t a static level. Notice how each bounce from support came from an increasingly higher level in price: $45, $52.50, $57.50, and $62.50.

Diagonal support levels are often broken. When diagonal support breaks, it generally signals an end to a bullish trend. The break of diagonal support can be used as an action point, either to exit a profitable trade or to enter a new bearish position.



Shares of Google (GOOG) trended sharply higher, gaining over $200 per share in a short period of time as shown in Figure 3.6. The stock used as an aggressive diagonal support line to trend higher, bouncing from it along the way.

The stock finally broke down below its diagonal support line, signaling an end to the bullish trend. Notice by how much the stock continued to fall after it broke down below diagonal support near the $700 level.
 
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Diagonal Resistance

Diagonal resistance is a price at which a stock stops going up within the context of a bearish trend. The highs for each period, or over the course of multiple periods, tend to move lower. It’s a price higher than the current price above which a stock isn’t moving. Think of diagonal resistance as an escalator moving down, steadily forcing the price of a stock lower.

A stock might be moving lower, but along the way it pauses and bounces higher. Each time it bounces higher, the sellers step in at increasingly lower prices. They start selling, equalizing or overcoming the buyers. The selling causes the price to stop going higher and start moving even lower.



Shares of Centex (CTX) trended steadily lower, using diagonal resistance as shown in Figure 3.7. The stock fell by more than 50 percent under the weight of diagonal resistance.

Notice how the rollovers from diagonal resistance occurred at lower levels: $40, $30, $26, and $24.

Diagonal resistance levels are often broken. When diagonal resistance levels break, it often marks the end of a bearish trend and the beginning of a new bullish trend. The breaks of diagonal resistance are actionable and can signal exit points from existing bearish positions or entry points into new bullish positions.

http://img177.imageshack.us/img177/503/rrrrpn6.jpg

Shares of General Motors (GM) trended lower for several months, using the trajectory of the diagonal resistance level shown in Figure 3.8. The stock rolled over from the diagonal resistance at $37.50, $36.50, $35, and finally near $31.50.

The stock eventually broke the pattern of lower lows, as marked by the diagonal resistance line, and proceeded to rocket higher. Sometimes a stock will see explosive moves after breaking horizontal resistance. That’s because of the collective fear of the short sellers. These sellers turn into buyers and rush to cover, leading to explosive moves.
 

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Channels...

Diagonal support and resistance levels often form on the same chart in the same timeframe. The diagonal support and resistance level appear as exact opposites, or mirror images. The formations are known as channels. The competing buyers and sellers who are behind the support and resistance, respectively, are disagreeing within the context of a directional move either up or down.

There are bullish channels and bearish channels. In bullish channels, buyers are willing to let the stock fall only so far before stepping in and buying at higher and higher prices. Meanwhile, sellers are willing to let the stock run higher by only so much before stepping in and selling at what they perceive to be overvalued prices. The overall move is higher, but it’s in a stair-step fashion.

By contrast, in bearish channels, sellers are willing to let the stock rise only so far before stepping in and selling at lower and lower prices. Meanwhile, buyers are willing to let the stock fall by only so much before stepping in and buying at what they perceive to be an attractive price. The overall move is lower, but it’s in a stair-step fashion.
 

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Bullish Channels

Support and resistance are both defined within the context of a bullish channel. Both support and resistance are upward sloping. The lows for each period, or over the course of multiple periods, tend to move higher. The highs for each period, or over the course of multiple periods, also tend to move higher.

A stock might be moving higher, but along the way it pauses and pulls back to catch its breath. Each time it pulls back, the buyers step in at increasingly higher prices. They start buying, equalizing or overcoming the sellers. The buying causes the price to stop going lower and start moving even higher. Sellers, meanwhile, step in at increasingly higher prices. They start selling, equalizing or overcoming the buyers. The selling causes the price to stop going higher and start moving lower, towards the diagonal support, where the cycle starts all over.



Shares of Consol Energy (CNX) traded higher within a bullish channel as shown in Figure 3.9 . The overall path was upward, but the stock took a stair-step approach.

Notice how the buyers stepped in near the lower-end of the channel, at diagonal support, at increasingly higher prices. But the sellers would allow the stock to go only so high, before stepping in and selling at the upper-end of the channel, at diagonal resistance.

Bullish channels don’t go on forever. But bullish channels can end in one of two ways. The stock can break higher or lower.



Shares of Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) were steadily rolling higher for several months, using the bullish channel as support and resistance as shown in Figure 3.10 . But notice what happened the last time the stock reached the upper-end of the bullish channel at $39. The stock hesitated for several days right at $39, at the upper-end of the channel, before exploding higher.

The stock shot higher for six consecutive days after breaking above $39 as buyers piled in. The bullish trend, which was defined by the bullish channel, became even more bullish as the stock broke above the upper-end of the channel.

Bullish channels also end with a breakdown below the lower-end of the channel, at diagonal support. The breakdown below diagonal support usually signals an end to a bullish trend and the beginning of a new bearish trend. Like other breakdowns, the break from a bullish channel is actionable.
 

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Bearish Channels

Support and resistance are both defined within the context of a bearish channel. Both support and resistance are downward sloping. The lows for each period, or over the course of multiple periods, tend to move lower. The highs for each period, or over the course of multiple periods, also tend to move lower.

A stock might be moving lower, but along the way it pauses and rebounds. Each time it rebounds, the sellers step in at lower prices. They start selling, equalizing or overcoming the buyers. The selling causes the price to stop going higher and start moving even lower. Buyers, meanwhile, step in at lower prices. They start buying, equalizing or overcoming the sellers. The buying causes the price to stop going lower and start moving higher, towards the diagonal resistance, where the cycle starts all over.



Shares of Omnicare (OCR) moved steadily lower over the course of a year, finding resistance at the diagonal resistance line and support at the diagonal support line as shown in Figure 3.12 . The diagonal resistance and support lines combined to form a bearish channel.

The stock stopped going higher, within the context of the bearish trend, each time it traded near the diagonal resistance. The stock stopped going lower, within the context of the bearish trend, each time it traded near the diagonal support.

Just like bullish channels, bearish channels don’t go on forever. Bearish channels can break either higher or lower.

A breakdown from a bearish channel usually leads to an increase in the rate of decline in the stock. Put another way, a breakdown from a bearish channel usually leads to an even more bearish trend.



Shares of Bear Stearns (BSC) were steadily rolling lower within a tight bearish channel shown in Figure 3.13 . Notice how well-defined the diagonal support and resistance levels were within the context of the bearish channel.

Late in the bearish channel, BSC broke down below the lower-end of the channel, at diagonal support. The breakdown occurred near the $135 level. This breakdown accelerated the stock’s decline as the sellers grew more aggressive and the buyers all but stepped aside.

Bearish channels can also be broken to the upside, when a stock breaks above the diagonal resistance line. A breakout from a bearish channel typically results in a new bullish trend. The breakouts are actionable, often offering entry points into new bullish trends or exit points from existing bearish trends.
 
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