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The spotted hyena, one of the most intelligent, powerful and unique wild animals habiting North and East Africa, is being eaten to extinction by humans​


GEORGE TUBEI

February 15, 2019 4:37 PM

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The spotted hyena, one of the most intelligent, powerful and unique wild animals habiting North and East Africa, is being eaten to extinction by humans.

  • Hyena meat is now a delicacy across Saudi Arabia, Morocco and Somalia where people have since developed quite an appetite for the wild animal's meat.
  • As if that is not enough, the highly intelligent, social animals who are generally known as scavengers, although in truth they are formidable predators, are also being hunted down for their skins and body parts for use in traditional medicine.
  • So popular is the hyena meat that the price has risen to the point that it is now only affordable to wealthy people.
One of the most intelligent, powerful and unique wild animals habiting North and East Africa is at risk of extinction and may, in the next decade, be completely whipped out from the earth.
Spotted hyenas are being eaten to extinction and not by other wild animals but by humans.
Hyena meat is now a delicacy across Saudi Arabia, Morocco and Somalia where people have since developed quite an appetite for the wild animal's meat.

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Under Islamic law, the meat of hyenas is considered halal, or lawful, even though the animal is wild.
"Whoever is in the state of consecration Ihram and hunts a hyena will have to slaughter a sheep as a penalty. As for other forbidden animals and birds, there is no penalty if a Muhrim hunts them." Saud Bin Mus'id al-Thubaiti, a member of the teaching staff at the faculty of Shariah at Umm al-Qura University, told the Saudi Gazette.

Hyena meat is also eaten in areas of Pakistan and Iran, where it is also considered halal.
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Hyena meat is now a delicacy across Saudi Arabia, Morocco and Somalia where people have since developed quite an appetite for the wild animal's meat.

Also read: Wildlife expert shares 5 simple bush craft skills to employ the next time you encounter a clan of 'laughing' hyenas
Somalia has since joined the bandwagon in driving Africa's spotted hyena into extinction and its meat is now served in restaurants and hotels. So popular is the hyena meat that the price has risen to the point that it is now only affordable to wealthy people.
As if that is not enough, the highly intelligent, social animals who are generally known as scavengers, although in truth they are formidable predators, are also being hunted down for their skins and body parts for use in traditional medicine.
"There is also illegal trade in skins, and body parts for use in traditional medicine, and they are often kept in cages for display purposes," the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) says.

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Spotted hyenas are being eaten to extinction and not by other wild animals but by humans.


In 2008, IUCN listed the striped hyena as "near threatened" as its population was estimated to be below 10,000.
IUCN says that humans posed a major threat by poisoning the animals and hunting them for use in traditional medicines.
Hyenas are native to north and east Africa, the Middle East and central Asia where they continue to fight for survival.
"The species is commercially hunted in Morocco for use in traditional medicine, with various parts being used, especially the brain, and may fetch very high prices. Hunters may travel hundreds of kilometres to capture this species." IUCN says.

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In 2008, IUCN listed the striped hyena as "near threatened" as its population was estimated to be below 10,000.

Hyenas can weigh as much as 190 pounds and will attack humans, especially if they are perceived to be hurt, sick or incapacitated.
Interestingly enough, though they look like dogs, hyenas are actually more closely related to cats, belonging to the suborder Feliformia instead of the dog suborder Caniformia.
Even more interesting is that female spotted hyenas have a pseudo-penis that is basically an elongated clitoris. Some pseudo-penises can grow up to seven inches long, totally dwarfing the average length of the human penis.

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Spotted hyena females have a pseudopenis that strongly resembles the penis of males.

Contrarily to what most people believe Hyenas don’t have a dark sense of humour and aren’t actually laughing.
Spotted hyenas have a rich vocal repertory; they emit about a dozen distinct vocalizations, most of which can be modulated in various ways to alter their meaning to listeners.
They are often called “laughing hyenas” because their giggle vocalization sounds very much like hysterical human laughter.

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Hyenas are often called “laughing hyenas” because their giggle vocalization sounds very much like hysterical human laughter.

The giggle is a loud, high-pitched rapid series of staccato “hee-hee-hee” sounds, they give as an indication of age and social status.
Hyenas have extremely strong jaws that are capable of easily grinding down bones and according to scientific sources, hyena bite is around 1100 psi, rivalling even lions and tigers whose bite pressure is 600 psi and 1050 psi respectively.
At the end of the day, however, as much as meat lovers would love to devour the last standing hyena they also need to take a moment and realise that human’s very existence depends on hyenas’ survival.

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Without hyenas, humans would soon drop dead after being hit by all manner of diseases and the earth as we know it today would soon be a dump.

Hyenas play a very crucial role in our ecosystem which no other animal can replicate. Hyenas are mother earth’s cleaners and keep the whole ecosystem clean and healthy.
By eating carcasses left out there in the wild which would have otherwise rot and cause all manner of diseases not to mention foul the atmosphere, hyenas help keep the disease at bay and ensure humanity’s survival.
 
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#368: Eating Hyena​

Post Views: 221
April 25, 2022

Posted on by Dr. Zulkifli Mohamad Al-Bakri
Question:

Assalamualaikum ustaz. What is the ruling on eating hyenas? I heard that it was used to be sold between the hills of Safa and Marwah. Hope for an explanation. Thank you.

Answer:

Waalaikumussalam wrt. wbt.,

Alhamdulillah, praise and gratitude to Allah SWT for His countless blessings for us all. Praise and salutations to our beloved Prophet Muhammad PBUH, his family, companions, and all those who follow his footsteps until the Final day.

We begin with the statement of Allah SWT:


وَسَخَّرَ لَكُم مَّا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا مِّنْهُ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

“And He has subjected to you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth – all from Him. Indeed, in that are signs for a people who give thought.” [1]

The above verse shows that Allah SWT has subjected everything that is in the heavens that consisting of the sun, moon, and stars as well as everything on the earth that consists of animals (for food and transportation), plants, ships and others to benefit us all. All these blessings are from only Allah, He grants these matters to you as blessings and His gifts. Hence, only to Him, you should worship (obey) and never associate anything with Him. Indeed, what He has subjected for you are signs and proof which shows His Oneness, for those who reflect on the verses of Allah (signs of His Greatness) and arguments as well as proofs that they learn from. [2]

Definition of hyena (hyaenidae)

Hyenas or also known as hyenas are mammals that are famous for their strange howls like the hilarious people who are attacked by hysteria. Hyenas hunt animals for their food. It also eats the remains of animal carcasses. [3] Meanwhile, according to the 4th Edition of Kamus Dewan, a hyena is a wild animal that eats carcasses. [4] The World Encyclopedia has also given a similar definition of this hyena. [5]

According to Kamaluddin al-Damiri in his book, [6] Hyena is a well-known animal (in Arab society). The female hyena is not referred to as Dab‘ah (ضَبْعَةٌ). This is because the male hyena is referred to as Dib‘an (ضِبْعَان) and the plural is Diba‘in (ضِبَاعِيْن), as are the words sirhan (سِرْحَان) and sirahin (سِرَاحِيْن). While the female hyena is referred to as Dib‘anah (ضِبْعَانَةٌ) and the plural is Dib‘anat (ضَبْعَانَات) or Diba ‘(ضِبَاعٌ). However, Ibn Barri mentions that the female hyena is not known by the name Dib‘anah (ضِبْعَانَةٌ). Moreover, it is quoted from Ibn al-Anbari that the word Dab‘u applies to male and female hyenas.

There are several other names for hyenas such as Ja‘ar (جَعَارٌ), Hafsah (حَفْصَةٌ), and Jil (جِيْلٌ). While the title is like Umm Khinnaur (أُمُّ خِنَّوْر), Umm Tariq (أُمُّ طَرِيق), Ummul Qubur (أم القُبُور), Umm Naufal (أم نَوْفَل), Abu’و نَوْفَل), Abu ‘نَوْفَل), Abu’ نَوْفَل), Abu ‘نَوْفَل), Abu’ نَوْفَل⁇) -Hinbir (أبو الهِنْبِر). In addition, hyenas are also animals that undergo menstruation like rabbits.

In addition, hyenas are animals that love to dig graves due to their strong desire for human flesh. When he saw a man sleeping, he would make a hole under the man’s head, and pounce on his neck. Then he killed the man and drank his blood. It is a despicable animal; no other animal behaves like it except its kind. Hyenas are also considered stupid animals among the Arab community as the Arabic proverb says:

أَحْمَقُ مِنْ ضَبْعٍ

“Dumber than a hyena.”

Habitat of hyenas and their food

The Hyena family consists of four species in three genera. Spotted hyenas are the most common species found in wildlife; while the species of aardwolf hyenas, striped hyenas and brown hyenas are difficult to find due to their small size, and their habit of going out at night and living alone. [7] Briefly, it is as follows: [8]

Brown Hyena

Brown hyenas are found south of the Zambezi River, in southern Africa. The hair on his back is long. His coarse fur was blackish grey with stripes only on his legs. Brown hyenas have a habit of going out at night, and a habit of living alone, as well as being able to walk 25 to 40 kilometres each night in search of food. They live in a small clan consisting of several females, males and baby hyenas.

Although Brown Hyenas are mostly carrion eaters, they are also active in hunting and eating a type of furry seal along the Namibian coast. In more barren areas, Brown Hyena also eat plants such as Tsama (Citrullus lanatus) and gemsbok cucumbers (Acathosicyos naudinianus).

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Brown Hyena [9]

Spotted Hyena

Spotted hyenas live in sub -Saharan Africa. Its coarse fur is yellowish grey and black spots. Spotted hyenas have large, strong jaws and strong teeth that can break large bones.

Spotted hyenas live in areas dominated by female hyenas consisting of hyenas that are in contact with each other. Male hyenas migrate and become nomads, breeding when meeting with nearby groups. The spotted hyena is known for its nature of eating the carcasses of animals hunted by lions, but it is also active in hunting prey the size of a zebra. However, it is not known whether it also feeds on plants.

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Spotted Hyena [10]

Aardwolf


Aardwolf, on the other hand, is an unusual hyena, which lives in the plains of southern and eastern Africa. It’s not a wolf, but a hyena. It is brown with black stripes, black legs and a thick black hairy tail at the tip. Most hyenas have strong jaws and teeth, but aardwolf teeth are small, weak and cone-shaped. It has a wide and sticky tongue. It has five toes on its front foot and four toes on its back foot. Its size is also smaller than other hyenas. Along his back, there are thick feathers, which he will uphold so that it looks bigger. It can also roar and roar when frightened. The name aardwolf which in Afrikaans means ground wolf is given to this animal because it lives in a hole in the ground. Aardwolf is rarely seen because it only comes out at night.

The aardwolf type hyena is a unique hyena, which has adapted to a special nutritional characteristic, which is to eat plant termites. Termites of this type have a habit of doing activities at night, and this makes it the best opportunity for the aardwolf to find food.

Sometimes, it eats animals such as rats, rotting carcasses and even eggs. Aardwolf prefers to live in dry open areas with short grass, especially in areas of farmland that have dried and hardened.

Proteles_cristatus1-300x200.jpg


Aardwolf [11]

Striped Hyena


Striped hyenas live in northern Africa and from Turkey throughout the Middle East to India. It is smaller than a speckled hyena. The fur is grey with black stripes on the body and legs. The Striped Hyena is the fastest-growing hyena. They prefer thick bushes, arid lands and mountains with low trees as well as areas filled with shrubs and thorny trees. The Striped Hyena only comes out at night, and it is the animal that most likes to live alone. Yet it has been seen in small family groups while hunting for food.

Although this type of hyena is mostly a carcass eater, it also actively hunts and eats flying insects, and animals such as small rats, and birds and also catches large-sized prey such as Cape rabbits (Lepuscapensis) and bat-eared foxes (Otocyonmegalotis). Like the War Hive, the Striped Hive also sometimes eats fruits, especially the fruit of mulberry (Balanites sp.).

Striped_hyena_Hyaena_hyaena_-_cropped-300x282.jpg


Striped Hyena [12]

The ruling of eating hyena


Basically, scholars have differing opinions regarding the ruling of eating hyena and it is divided into two opinions. There are scholars who state that its meat is halal to be eaten and there are scholars who are of the opinion that it is prohibited.

Abu Hanifah stated that hyena is prohibited to be beaten. This is also the opinion of Sa‘id bin al-Musayyib and al-Thauri. They argued that hyenas are animals that have fangs and the Prophet PBUH prohibited us from eating any animal that has fangs. [13]

Likewise, al-Zaila’I al-Hanafi stated in his book, that a hyena is an animal where its meat isn’t eaten for it eats carcasses and its meat is foul-smelling due to its diet. Thus, it is included as bad animals – filthy. [14] Allah SWT states:

وَيُحَرِّمُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْخَبَائِثَ

“And prohibits for them the evil,” [15]

While Imam al-Nawawi said that hyena meat is permissible to be eaten and traded. [16] This matter is also stated by Imam al-Syafi’I in his book:


وَلُحُومُ الضِّبَاعِ تُبَاعُ عِنْدَنَا بِمَكَّةَ بَيْنَ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةِ، لَا أَحْفَظُ عَنْ أَحَدٍ مِنْ أَصْحَابِنَا خِلَافًا فِي إحْلَالِهَا

“Hyena meat was sold between the hills of Safa and Marwah when we were in Mecca. And I don’t know of anyone in our ashab that differed in the opinion that ruled it permissible.” [17]

They argued by presenting the narration of Ibn Abi Ammar who asked Jabir:


الضَّبُعُ صَيْدٌ هِيَ؟ قَالَ: نَعَمْ، قَالَ : قُلْتُ: آكُلُهَا؟ قَالَ: نَعَمْ، قَالَ: قُلْتُ لَهُ: أَقَالَهُ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ؟ قَالَ: نَعَمْ

‘Is the hyena game?’ He said: ‘Yes'” He said: “I said: ‘Can it be eaten?’ He said: ‘Yes.'” He said: “I said: ‘Did the Messenger of Allah say that?’ He said: ‘Yes.'” [18]

Imam al-Tirmizi stated that this hadith is hasan sahih and some scholars are of the opinion that it is permissible to eat hyena. This is also the opinion of Imam Ahmad and Ishaq. Furthermore, there is also a hadith narration which states that it is makruh to eat hyena. However, its sanad is weak. Hence, there are scholars who ruled it makruh to eat hyena meat just like the opinion of Ibn al-Mubarak. [19]

Moreover, there is another hadith from Jabir bin Abdullah, he said:

سألْتُ رسولَ اللهِ ﷺ عنِ الضَّبُعِ، فقال: هو صيدٌ، ويجعلُ فيه كَبشٌ إذا صادَهُ المــُحرمُ

“I asked the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) about the hyena. He replied: It is game, and if one who is wearing ihram (pilgrim’s robe) hunts it, he should give a sheep as atonement.” [20]

The above hadith is clear evidence that shows us that hyena is halal to be eaten, for it is categorized as an animal that is hunted.

Moreover, Kamaluddin al-Damiri al-Syafi‘I also stated that among the evidences that rule it is permissible to eat hyena is because hyena doesn’t eat any food that is infected with infectious disease and can live without using their fangs – which means they can survive without hunting other animals. [21]

Furthermore, Syeikh Daud al-Fatani has listed the hyena as a land animal that is halal to be eaten. [22] However, hyenas meant here are those that have fangs but don’t usually hunt other animals because there are other types of hyenas that have fangs and hunt. [23]

In addition, Imam al-Nawawi also included the names of scholars who hold the opinion that hyena meat is permissible to be eaten. Among them are Imam Ahmad, Daud, Ibn Abi Talib, Ishaq bin Rahuyah, and Abu Thaur as well as numerous other companions and tabiin. [24] Whereas there are others among the companions that permit eating hyena and say that it is a game animal such as Sa‘ad bin Abu Waqqas, Ali bin Abu Talib, Ibn Umar and others.[25]

The reason fanged animals are prohibited except hyena

Basically, the Prophet PBUH prohibited eating any fanged wild animal. This is based on a narration from Abu Tha’labah:

نَهَى النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عَنْ أَكْلِ كُلِّ ذِي نَابٍ مِنَ السَّبُعِ

“The Messenger of Allah(ﷺ) prohibited the eating of every beast of prey with fang,” [26]

Imam al-Syafi’I further explained this matter by saying that fanged animals that are prohibited to be eaten are animals that hunt their food with their fangs. [27]

Other than that, Syeikh Soleh al-Fauzan said there isn’t any contradiction between the two hadiths; the hadith that ruled it permissible to eat hyenas and the hadith that prohibits all fanged animals. The reason is the hadith that prohibits all fanged animals is general while the hadith that permits eating hyenas is specific. Thus, the specific hadith is prioritized over the general hadith. [28] In other words, the hadith regarding the permissibility of eating hyenas has specified the hadith on the prohibition of eating fanged animals, which is general. Hence, it can be understood that all wild fanged animals are prohibited except hyenas.

Furthermore, Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyyah explains that an animal is prohibited to be eaten when it fulfils two of these characteristics; it has fangs and is a natural predator such as a lion, wolves and tiger. As for hyenas, they only fulfil one of the two characteristics. However, they aren’t natural predators – don’t hunt other prey as their food – and undoubtedly, fanged animals are more specific compared to just fanged animals. Predators are prohibited to be eaten due to their vicious hunting character. It is also undeniable that the vicious nature when hunting that wolves, lions and tigers share isn’t present in hyenas that one couldn’t state both are similar in terms of their prohibition. Furthermore, hyenas aren’t considered predators lexically or the normal local norm. [29]

Therefore, it is likely that the species of hyena in question is Aardwolf because it is the only hyena whose teeth are weak and not strong. While striped and brown hyenas, we can classify these two species as omnivorous animals because, in addition to eating carcasses, they also eat plants and fruits. In addition, both species are also actively hunting other animals for food. So, it is likely that the only edible hyenas of these two species are those that eat carcasses and plants or fruits and do not hunt other animals as their food. While spotted hyena is not included at all because his natural habit is to hunt and have strong fangs.

Conclusion

According to the above discussion and arguments, in our opinion, it is permissible to eat hyena meat as stated by the majority of scholars such as Imam Ahmad, Daud, Ishaq bin Rahuyah, Abu Thaur, Imam al-Syafi‘i, Imam Nawawi and others. Likewise, the same is stated by other scholars such as Sa‘ad bin Abu Waqqas, Ali bin Abu Talib, Ibn Umar and others.

However, it isn’t clearly stated the type or species of hyenas. But there are scholars who said that hyenas meant here are the ones with fangs but their fangs are weak and they don’t naturally hunt other animals as their main diet. This is as expaliend by Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyyah in his book, I‘lam al-Muwaqqi‘in.

May Allah SWT grant us all a clear understanding in religion. Amin.

Wallahu a’lam.
 

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File photo of a striped hyena. (Rushikesh Deshmukh)

Striped hyenas

Smaller than their African cousins, the spotted hyenas, striped hyenas can weigh up to around 50 kilograms.

A man in his 50s was attacked and killed by a wild hyena in Yemen in 2014, according to a report from Dubai-based Gulf News.

Attacks by the same species have also been reported in India. A man and woman were severely injured after being attacked by a striped hyena in the city of Chhota Udepur, according to the Times of India.

The striped hyena’s numbers in the Arabian Peninsula are dwindling. International Union for Conservation of Nature classifies the species as ‘near threatened,’ with only around 10,000 left in the wild.

Hyenas are threatened by hunters in Saudi Arabia, as their flesh is considered a delicacy by some.

A restaurant in the southern Asir region was shut down by the authorities and the owner fined $2,666 after it was found to be selling hyena meat.

Striped hyenas are found in Yemen, parts of Oman, and western and northern Saudi Arabia
 

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Al-Shabaab resorts to selling hyena meat to fund military operations​

Sabahi Online
Thursday, August 23, 2012

Al-Shabaab has begun pushing the sale of hyena meat in the southern Somali port city of Kismayo as a means to raise money for its military operations ahead of the impending battle against Somali and allied forces, analysts say.

Somali clerics for centuries have considered the consumption of hyena meat prohibited by Islam since the animal eats the dead flesh of humans and animals.

This new push is one of many signs that point to the growing financial desperation of the al-Qaeda-allied group as Somali and allied forces continue to takeover al-Shabaab strongholds throughout the country.

To convince residents to eat the meat, which is also often diseased because the animal is a scavenger, al-Shabaab merchants have been using old black magic myths to prey on those who do not know better, said Suleiman Abdi Guled, a cook at Hotel Alkhalej in Mogadishu who has family in Kismayo.

According to people who practice black magic, hyena meat is good for breaking spells and protects against illness and the evil eye.

"It is a worrying sign because it is outside of [Somali] tradition to eat hyenas, especially when there are other animals available for consumption," he said. "Al-Shabaab is a lost group that is trying to use hyenas and black magic myths for its military operations."

Khalif Mohamud, a merchant in Kismayo, said al-Shabaab makes money from the trade by controlling the slaughtering of hyenas.

"Al-Shabaab runs the city's main slaughterhouse and we have to pay money to slaughter and skin the animal after hunting it," he told Sabahi.

Hyena meat -- religiously sanctioned or prohibited?

Somali cleric Sheikh Mohamud Awabdulle Ariif said people are prohibited from hunting and eating hyenas under sharia law.

"Hyenas are among the most treacherous and gluttonous of animals, as they hunt sheep and eat human flesh," he said. "They also dig up graves and take out and eat the corpses, in addition to eating animal carcasses, insects and the remains of other prey."


Mursal Issac, a civil society activist in Mogadishu, said al-Shabaab's weakened financial state has led the group to resort to trading in charcoal and hyena meat to finance its military operations.

"Hyenas are dirty animals that eat dead carcasses, which is why I call on our brethren in Kismayo to refrain from eating its meat," he told Sabahi. "We are blessed by God with land and sea animals, and I think it is better to stay away from this animal."

Issac said al-Shabaab is attempting to bolster its fragile state of funding because it fears military defeat at the hands of the Somali army and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM).

Sagal Hassan Ali, who works in a small restaurant in the Via Afmadow suburb of Kismayo, said she would not eat hyena meat and would not even dare hunt this vicious animal.

She told Sabahi she resents the local market turning into a trading ground for this meat.

Al-Shabaab splintering

Sociologist Mana Moalim Ino said selling hyena meat in Kismayo's markets serves the interests of militants who have taken up arms against Somali government and AMISOM forces.

Nonetheless, she told Sabahi that the failure, despair and defeat that al-Shabaab's leadership suffers from will spell victory for the allied forces.

Ino said the Somali army, backed by AMISOM, will expel al-Qaeda and its Somali followers from its hideouts in Kismayo, Marka, Boali, Baardheere and Jowhar.

"So far, our armed forces have been vindicated in their fight against al-Qaeda," she said. "These victories have given us hope that the Somali army is still doing well, is not divided along tribal lines and is not hopelessly incapable."

Over the past six months, al-Shabaab has lost its most important strongholds and positions in Mogadishu, as well as the towns of Afgoye, Balad and Afmadow. Allied forces have also dealt serious blows to al-Shabaab in the Gedo, Lower Juba and Middle Juba regions.

Due to recent losses, al-Shabaab has been engaging in new tactics, launching propaganda campaigns and terrorist attacks in Kenya, and assassinating journalists in Mogadishu
 

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Katanya pemakan bangkai, org islam tak bole makan

Kalu ikut mazhab maliki, mkn kucing buaya ular pun bole 😂


Ikut imam masing2 hehe

Itu lah dalam Quran dah bagi tau binatang pemakan bangkai haram tapi disebabkan pak arab makan terus jadi halal.😂
 
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